Berlin is the capital city of Germany and one of the 16 states (Länder) of the Federal Republic of Germany. Berlin is best known for its historical associations as the German capital, internationalism and tolerance, lively nightlife, its many cafes, clubs, and bars, street art, and numerous museums, palaces, and other sites of historic interest.
Districts and areas covered in the mappa map include: Mitte – The historical center of Berlin; City West (Charlottenburg, Wilmersdorf, Schöneberg, Tiergarten); Ku’Damm (short for Kurfürstendamm) is, along with Tauentzienstraße, one of the main shopping streets in former West Berlin; Schloss Charlottenburg, Tiergarten and the Olympic Stadium; East Central (Friedrichshain, Kreuzberg, Prenzlauer Berg) packed with lots of cafes, bars, clubs and trendy shops; North (Spandau, Reinickendorf, Weißensee, Pankow, Wedding); East (Lichtenberg, Hohenschönhausen, Marzahn, Hellersdorf); South (Steglitz, Zehlendorf, Tempelhof, Neukölln, Treptow, Köpenick).
Airports included on the mappa map – Tegel International Airport (ICAO: EDDT, IATA: TXL) located in the north-west of the city is the main airport for international carriers (British Airways, Air France-KLM, United, LOT, etc.) and Schönefeld (ICAO: EDDB, IATA: SXF) in the southeast of Berlin is the base for most low-cost airlines (e.g. easyJet, Ryanair and Germanwings) and charter flights in addition to traffic from Eastern Europe. The new building for the central station Hauptbahnhof was opened in May 2006 and together with Südkreuz (southern cross) and Ostbahnhof (eastern station) – plus minor Gesundbrunnen in the north and Spandau in the west – form the backbone of all connections. All are connected to either S- or U-Bahn.
There are plenty of museums: Museumsinsel (Museum Island) best known for the vast Pergamon-Museum also Altes Museum, the Alte Nationalgalerie and the reopened Bode-Museum and Neues Museum. Kulturforum located close to Potsdamer Platz is another cluster of cultural buildings, museums among them. Some of them are Gemäldegalerie, Neue Nationalgalerie and Musikinstrumenten-Museum. Museen Dahlem – in the district of Dahlem: Museum of European Cultures, Ethnologisches Museum and Museum of Asian Art. Also Deutsches Historisches Museum; Museum für Naturkunde; Hamburger Bahnhof Museum für Gegenwart; Jüdisches Museum; Berlinische Galerie; Technikmuseum; Mauermuseum at Checkpoint Charlie; Topography of Terror; DDR Museum; Story of Berlin.
Other great places to visit: Bundestag— The German Parliament building, near the Brandenburg gate, offers a great view of Berlin. Berliner Funkturm— 150 meter high lattice tower with open-air observation deck 124 meters above ground. Also Siegessäule (Victory Column), Tiergarten; Kollhoff Tower, Potsdamer Platz ; Europe Center – Berlin Window.